Boost-INV 2 Click is a very useful DC/DC voltage converter device, as can output both positive and negative voltage, boosted up to 15V and inverted to -15V, from a single fixed voltage input. The input voltage can vary between 2.7V to 5.5V, making the Boost-INV 2 Click an ideal solution for powering devices with complex, split-rail power supply demands, using only a common battery. The Click board™ is equipped with two additional D/A converters, which make it possible to digitally set the output voltage, via the SPI.
Advanced switching control of the TPS65131 with a self-learning feedback correction characteristic allows high efficiency and less dissipation. Low output voltage ripple reduces EMI, allowing the converter to be used for sensitive applications. Soft start feature prevents startup inrush current, while the output disconnect feature prevents current leaking (battery discharge) when the device is powered off. These features allow this Click board™ to be used as a very compact programmable split-rail power supply used for general purpose applications, low power audio applications, LCD and OLED displays and similar applications that use dual power supply source.
Boost-INV 2 Click features a set of integrated circuits which are used to achieve digitally controlled output voltage. The main converter IC is the TPS65131, a positive and negative output DC/DC Converter, from Texas Instruments. Two D/A converters are connected into the positive and negative voltage feedback loop of the TPS65131. The positive and the negative loops are fed into the internal error amplifiers, which compare the feedback voltage with the internal references. They change the duty cycle of the output switching sections in order to compensate for the differences (errors), affecting the output voltage that way. Incorporating a D/A converter into the feedback loop allows programmed "errors" to be introduced into the loop, which in return allows control over the output voltage.
The TPS65131 IC uses the fixed frequency PWM signal to switch its output stages. The internal current limitation is set to about 1950 mA for both the inverting and boost converter. While running in the continuous conduction mode, the output voltage is clean, with no significant ripple and noise. The complete disconnect of both inverting and boosting converter stages allows no source current flowing through the converter, while it is unpowered. This prevents battery draining, making the device able to use the battery power, providing a split-rail power supply for various applications.
Two D/A converters (DAC) labeled as MCP4291, 12-Bit DACs with the SPI Interface by Microchip, are used in feedback loops. One of the DACs is connected to the MCP6H02 op-amp, configured as the inverting unity gain amplifier. It inverts the polarity of the DAC signal. The feedback voltage of the inverting converter can vary from 0V (Vref) to -15V. Therefore, the DAC signal which commonly ranges from 0 to +VREF, needs to be inverted. For the boost converter, there is no need to invert the DAC, so its voltage goes up to +VREF. There are two separate CS pins (Chip Select) for these DACs, so both can be programmed independently. Those Chip Select pins are routed to the RST and CS pins of the mikroBUS™ and are labeled as CSN for the negative voltage controlling DAC, and CSP for the positive voltage controlling DAC.
Two more auxiliary ICs are used on the Boost-INV 2 Click. One IC is the ADM8829, a switched-capacitor voltage inverter which provides a negative supply voltage for the inverting op-amp. The other IC is the MCP1501, a high precision buffered voltage reference required for the DACs (4.096 V).
The TPS65131 converter IC can be operated in the Power Saving mode. This is very useful for low currents because the device will power itself down as long as the voltage across the output stays above the internally set threshold. When the voltage drops under this threshold, the converter powers up and produces several switching pulses recovering the nominal voltage value across the load, and powers down again. Depending on the connected load, it will take more or less time to drain the charge from the inductor. Unlike the normal mode, which operates in the continuous-conduction mode (CCM), power saving mode allows the converter to switch between CCM and DCM (discontinuous-conduction) modes. The Click board™ has its PWM pin routed to the PSP and PSN pins of the TPS65131 IC, and HIGH logic level on this pin will put the IC into the Power Saving mode. The PWM pin of the mikroBUS™ is labeled as the PSM on this Click board™.
When the ENP and ENN pins of the TPS65131 IC are at the LOW logic level, the device is completely powered down, disconnecting the loads as described above, preventing current leakage through the passive elements of the circuit. These pins are routed to the AN pin of the mikroBUS™ and labeled as EN, allowing the host MCU to control the operation of the Click board™
By default, the input voltage is taken from the mikroBUS™ +5V power rail. An onboard VIN SEL jumper allows selection between the +5V from the mikroBUS™ or an external power supply connected to the screw terminal input, which is labeled as VEXT. The remaining two screw terminals are negative and positive voltage outputs, labeled as V- and V+. All three screw terminals share a common GND.
- Interface: GPIO, SPI
- Compatibility: mikroBUS™
- Dimensions: 57.15 x 25.4mm
- Input Voltage: 5V
- Input Voltage (VIN): Min. 2.7V, Typ. 5V, Max. 5.5V
- Positive Output Voltage (boost converter): Min. VIN+0.5V, Max. 15V
- Negative Output Voltage (inverting converter): Min. -2V, Max. -15V
- Switching Current Limit on V+ (boost converter): Min. 1700mA, Typ. 1950mA, Max. 2200mA
- Switching Current Limit on V- (inverting converter): Min. 1700mA, Typ. 1950mA, Max. 2250mA