Opto Encoder 2 Click is a linear incremental optical sensor/encoder Click which can be used for the movement or rotation encoding. Encoders of this type are widely used for many applications, which involve precise detection of the position, speed, or rotational angle of an object. Rotary encoders are often used for various types of controllers on many different devices. Whether it be a rotary encoder knob controller or an angle encoder on a motor shaft, the principle is the same - it includes an optical sensor, just like the one found on Opto Encoder 2 Click.
Opto Encoder 2 Click is supported by a mikroSDK compliant library, which includes functions that simplify software development.
This Click board™ features a very small optical encoder employing reflective technology for motion control purposes. The encoder houses an LED light source and a photo-detecting circuitry in a single package. It can be used as an optical sensor in automotive applications, motion, speed, and direction sensor, for precise motor shaft positioning applications, knob encoder applications, and similar applications, where dual channel optical sensing can be utilized.
The optical sensor used on the Opto Encoder 2 Click is the AEDR-8300, reflective Surface Mount Optical Encoder from Avago Technologies. This sensor combines an emitter and a detector in a single surface mount leadless package. the AEDR-8300 consists of three major components: a light emitting diode (LED) light source, a detector IC consisting photodiodes and lens to focus light beam from the emitter as well as light falling on the detector. The operation of the encoder is based on the principle of optics where the detector photodiodes sense the absence and presence of light. In this case, the rotary/linear motion of an object being monitored is converted to equivalent light pattern via the use of codewheel/codestrip.
Opto Encoder 2 Click offers options of either single channel or two-channel quadrature digital outputs. Being TTL compatible, the outputs of the AEDR-8300 series can be interfaced directly with MCU. Hence the Opto Encoder 2 Click provides great design-in flexibility and easy integration into existing systems. A and B pins are routed to the routed to the mikroBUS™ PWM and INT pins, thus providing the quadrature digital signal.
Signal encoding itself is done by the host MCU. Having two optical sensing channels, Opto Encoder 2 Click has the ability of both speed and direction encoding. The most common usage is encoding of the step motor position: a cylinder with slits is physically mounted above the sensor so that the LED can illuminate the photodiodes only when light hits the reflective surface of the codewheel. By rotating this cylinder, the light beam will be blocked periodically. The single sensor output will be a pulse train, while the cylinder is rotating. Having two photo sensors physically distanced by a small amount, allows the pulse signal of the first sensor to be either delayed or expedited with respect to the pulse on the second sensor, depending on the rotational direction.
Since the sensors recomended operating voltage is 5V, the Opto Encoder 2 Click uses the 5V rail for power supply. The other pins it utilizes are the, before mentioned, Interrupt and PWM pins on mikroBUS™ socket. This Click also has a Power LED indicator.
This Click board™ is designed to be operated only with 5V logic level. A proper logic voltage level conversion should be performed before the Click board™ is used with MCUs with logic levels of 3.3V.
- Interface: GPIO
- Compatibility: mikroBUS™
- Dimensions: 28.6 x 25.4mm
- Input Voltage: 5V
- Supply Voltage: Min. 4.5V, Typ. 5V, Max. 5.5V
- LED Current: Min. 13µs, Typ. 15µs, Max. 18µs
- Count Frequency: 30kHz
- Resolution: 75 LPI