POT 2 Click is a Click board™ with the accurate selectable reference voltage output. By utilizing a multi-turn precision potentiometer, this Click board™ can provide very accurate voltage output on the AN pin of the mikroBUS™. POT 2 Click is also equipped with the SMD jumper, which allows the maximum reference voltage to be selected between two typically used values: 2.048V or 4.096V. Using a rail-to-rail buffering operational amplifier which provides constant input and output impedance, this Click board™ is an ideal solution when accurately controlled voltage reference is required.
POT 2 Click is supported by a mikroSDK compliant library, which includes functions that simplify software development.
With the ability to adjust the voltage on the AN pin very accurately, this Click board™ can be used for development of applications that require voltage reference other than what is commonly available as an output from a dedicated IC. This includes HMI applications where the potentiometer can be used to provide fine control the movement of a step motor, or intensity of a LED segment, backlight amount of a TFT screen, and similar applications that require fine control of the voltage reference.
This Click board™ uses a very simple design: the MCP1541, a precision voltage reference IC from Microchip is used to provide the voltage of 4.096V. is fed to an input of an operational amplifier, that acts as the buffer, with the unity gain. The output of the first buffer is fed to one end of a high-precision trimmer-potentiometer. The second end of the potentiometer is grounded, while the middle tap of the potentiometer is used as the input to a second buffer. The output of the second buffer is routed to the AN pin of the mikroBUS™, allowing the host microcontroller (MCU) to use the output voltage for any purpose.
The design uses the MCP6022, a dual, rail-to-rail operational amplifier from Microchip. This operational amplifier is a perfect choice for this design, as it allows rail-to-rail operation, uses a single power supply of 5V, and has a stable unity gain. Without the buffers, the variable impedance would affect the reference voltage. The reference voltage IC can provide less than 10 mA, with the significant voltage drop for output currents exceeding 2 mA. Therefore, the MCP6022 used as a dual buffer ensures good stability of the circuit.
The potentiometer itself is a multi-turn type of potentiometer which provides high accuracy. It is equipped with a screw, which can be rotated 20 times between the end positions. This allows the resistance to be precisely selected. The fact that the screw fits tightly into the casing of the potentiometer, ensures that no resistance variations are possible, unlike the conventional knob or slider potentiometers.
POT 2 Click is equipped with the SMD jumper, which is used to select the voltage reference for the potentiometer. There are two options available: 2.048V and 4.096V. These values are the most commonly used voltage references for different kinds of A/D converters. Most MCUs which use 3.3V for the power supply, do not have the option to use 4.096V (full voltage output of the MCP1541 IC), so an option to select 2.048V by dividing the output voltage of the MCP1541 IC, is very useful in that case. The voltage reference can be selected by moving the SMD jumper labeled as VRef SEL to the desired position (2.048V or 4.096V).
- Interface: Analog
- Compatibility: mikroBUS™
- Dimensions: 42.9 x 25.4mm
- Input Voltage: 5V